On February 29, 2016, the Central Committee of the Civil Revolution submitted a proposal to the fourth session of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, suggesting that Zhongshan is used as a national official dress. Zhongshan’s outfit has once again entered the people’s sight, setting off a boom.
In April 1929, Zhongshan Installation was announced as a legal uniform by the National Government. After the 1950s, Zhongshan costumes have become the official costumes from national leaders to ordinary people. After the 1980s, Zhongshan was gradually forgotten by the people, but when the national leaders attended major events, they were still used to wearing Zhongshan outfits.
As the most distinctive Chinese national costume during the Republic of China, what kind of background and political meaning does it have?
Zhongshan Installation, as the name suggests, is Mr. Sun Yat -sen, a pioneer of modern China Revolution. On the basis of extensively absorbing European and American clothing, it integrates the characteristics of Japanese -style student costumes (gifted) and Chinese clothing. The four -post clothing in the cover was called Zhongshan costume by the world. Since then, it has become popular, and once became one of the favorite standard clothing of Chinese men at that time.
When the Kuomintang Constitution was formulated in the 18th year of the Republic of China, when a certain level of civil servants swore to work, they would wear Zhongshan outfit to show the law of Mr. Feng. System: standing lapel, pair of plackets, five buckles in front, four pockets, three buckles, and the back pieces are not seamless.
These shapes are actually particular, and the content of the Zhou Dynasty etiquette of the Book of Changes is meaningful.
First, the four pockets of the predecessor showed the four -dimensional nation (ritual, righteousness, integrity, shame), and the bag was inverted.
Second, the five buttons of the placket are different from the separation of five powers (administrative, legislative, judicial, examination, supervision).
Third, three buttons of the cuffs indicate the Three People’s Principles (ethnic, civil rights, people’s livelihood).
Fourth, the back is not seamless, indicating the righteousness of national peace and unity.
Fifth, the collar is determined to be a lapel closed, showing the concept of rigorous governance of the country.
The birth of Zhongshan costume ended the situation of China’s robe system for thousands of years, and subverted the concept of Chinese people’s original costumes and physical space. The popularity of Zhongshan dress also represents the emergence of the concept of equality of clothing, and is a shocking revolution in the history of Chinese clothing development.
Zhongshan is the characteristics of the Chinese nation, which is simple, comfortable, and stiff. It was once recognized by the world as the “national service” of the People’s Republic of China. As a constant dress that the Chinese people once admired, it also carries a culture, a etiquette, and a national self -esteem and pride.
In 1925, Mr. Sun Yat -sen died. In order to commemorate Mr. Sun Yat -sen’s immortal contribution to the Chinese Revolution, the Guangzhou Revolutionary Government
Established the name “Zhongshan Clothing”.
[This article is an excerpt and forwarding]