Do you know all these shoes knowledge?

Do you know how much you know about the shoes that are worn on your feet every day? Today, I will take everyone to learn together, mastering these to choose shoes better in the future. The following is mainly introduced from four aspects.

1. Upper:

The collective name of the overall part of the shoe. It includes shoe biliary parts, the front side, the tongue, the tongue, the biliary bile, the inner and outer part of the middle and the back, the rear part, the mouth of the shoe mouth, and the tight belt part.

1. Shoe bile parts:

The upper part of the shoe (that is, the back of the human beet) is the most conspicuous part of the upper part. Generally, the changes in high -quality leather and styles during production are reflected by the shoe gallbladder.

2. The front side of the front side:

It is located on both sides of the shoe, divided into inner side and external test. Its bottom is adhered to the soles of the shoe, the upper part is connected to the gallbladder, and the front of the front part of the person’s feet is wrapped. It is inherited with the greatest pressure given by the human body, so it is the part that best reflects the comfort of the shoe, and it is also the part that is most likely to have quality problems.


3. Tongue parts:

Connecting the shoe and gallbladder is the part where the shoe gallbladder extends to the back of the human toes. The role of the tongue is that on the one hand, it is close to the back of the feet of the person, making it difficult to fall off. On the one hand, it plays the role of beautifying the upper. Whether the appearance line is smooth and whether the shape is correct, reflect the overall spirit of the shoes.

4. Counterbilia: The horizontal decoration belt located in the tongue and the bile connection part of the shoe is:

① Blocking the connection seam between the bile and the tingled body;

5. Mid -gang’s internal and external waist parts:

Located in the inner foot and outer foot of the human foot, it is comfortable to the middle of the human foot, connecting the front gang, rear cover, and bottom, playing a role in opening up.

6. The rear set:

Wrapped in the heel part, it made an arc -shaped production according to the shape of the heel. On the one hand, it wrapped the heel to make it difficult to fall off.

7, rolling mouth:

It wraps the leather shear exposed by the shoe mouth. On the one hand, the leather is not easy to wear quickly. On the one hand, the shoe is prevented from extending and deforming. Generally, a thin leather or wear -resistant PU is used , So it is called “wrapped strip”, commonly known as “rolling mouth”.

8. Loose tight belt parts:

Extracting and tightly loosening, the outer loose is tightly located on both sides of the tongue, and the inner loose is located on the binding part of the tongue and the gallbladder of the shoe cavity.

2. Shoes:

The general referred to as the overall interior of the shoe includes the inside of the shoe, Hong Kong treasure and other auxiliary materials.

1. Inside the shoe:

It is divided into the front and middle gang parts, and in the back cover, all of which are made of thin and breathable pork skin and sheepskin. There are also a few high -end shoes in cowhide. The components are combined with the established sewing combined with the established specifications. It is necessary to pay special attention to the use of reflective surface in the sewing rear case. Falling your feet.

2. Hong Kong treasure:

Commonly known as “supporting head”, made of a special material, placed between the inside and the upper of the upper part of the toe and the rear of the shoe when making shoes. The role of “shoulder lining”.

3. Other auxiliary materials:

Mainly there are lining, needle tie cotton, and reinforcement bands, which are placed between the inside and the upper, which has auxiliary setting to enhance the feel and reinforcement.

Third, sole:

The overall bottom material of the shoe is referred to as the outsole, the midsole, and the scooter

1. OEM:

The part that can be seen directly in the soles of the soles of the soles of the shoe is mainly made of rubber, TPR | PU and other materials. it includes:

① negatives: part of the bottom of the bottom and the part of the ground and the bottom waist; Between the upper and the soles, it is used for waterproof, enhanced viscosity and aesthetics.

2. Central underwater:

The part that the naked eye is not seen in the soles of the soles is located between the insole and the outsole. It is made of special materials. There is a steel bar that is consistent with the arc of the human feet, which is called “waist iron”. The role of the midsole is to make the soles firm and not easy to deform.

3. Step:

In the part of the sole parts, the part of contact with the feet directly is facing the midsole side with a soft EVA (a synthetic material similar to foaming materials). The effect of the foot is to make people’s feet comfortable and breathable when they are worn.

Basic knowledge of leather shoes

Basic leather


Features: At present, the leather shoes made on the market occupy most of them. It can be pressed into a multi -divest and different lines. The main characteristics are: full, delicate, elastic, flexible and breathable, and wear -resistant.

Special explanation: It is worth noting that: The open border pearl is very similar to the patent leather, and the two leather surfaces are bright. However, the difference is that the beads on the side are processed by polishing the surface of the cowhide, while the surface of the patent leather is coated with a layer of film.

Second, sheepskin (goat/sheep)

Features: This pattern is fine, soft, comfortable, breathable, and goatskin and sheepskin.

Goatskin -also known as gold lacquer sheep here, this leather fiber tissue is solid, pores are arranged semi -circularly arranged, and the skin surface is clear and detailed;

Cromatous sheepskin -the feel is particularly soft, the pores are small, and they are flat and round. There are several pores forming a group, which are rowed and distributed evenly.

Third, oil skin/waxing skin

Features: Oil leather/waxing leather is made of leather made of cowhide soaked oil; oil leather has many color and strong cortex, anti -tension (telescopic), waterproof, abrasion resistance and cold protection (Winter skin noodles will not break) are all good; waxing skin is smooth and shiny, and has the advantages of the former. In the process of dressing, it can be appreciated that it is comfortable, soft, and leather, while reflecting the value of the product, it also has a casual atmosphere, suitable for business and leisure occasions, and it is convenient for daily cleaning.

Special explanation: There will be dark spots on the water of oil skin/finding wax skin. Can.

The difference between waxing skins and oil leather is that waxing skin is generally made of cowhide. The leather is softer and is mostly used for suit shoes. The oil leather is generally made of large cowhide and thick cowhide, which is mostly used for casual shoes and semi -casual shoes.

Fourth, patent leather

Features: bright colors and bright leather surface. Softness and comfort are better; both beautiful and fashionable, and convenient daily care. There is no need to use shoe oil and shoes.

Fifth, frosted leather

Features: The frosted leather and cowhide are polished: thick cortex, good abrasion resistance, many color, strong water absorption, soft and soft than the head layer of the head layer; comfortable and rough at the same time, it can reflect personality, which can reflect personality. Essence

Six, 猄 猄

Features: 是 leather is made of sheepskin anti -velvet; the leather is soft, wrinkled with many anti -wrinkles, and it is easy to match the effect; it is comfortable to wear, noble appearance, and willing to have a fashionable beauty.

High -end leather

1. Alpaca

Features: It has the flexibility of cowhide, but the rules of the texture are not fancy, and the feel is good; it feels comfortable, breathable after putting on, looks high -end, and the leather noodles are good.

Second, kangaroo skin

Features: It belongs to rare leather, delicate and soft leather, delicate lines, and good telescopic; comfortable to wear, good breathability, and high -end appearance, reflecting the taste, but not appearing at the same time;

Special explanation: Kangaroo skin has a slight sand eye, which is determined by the growth environment and characteristics of the kangaroos.

Third, wild pig skin

Features: The pores of the leather surface are large, the permeability is good, the leather is soft, the pattern rules are not exaggerated; after putting it on, it has both grades, comfort, breathable, and high -end appearance.

Fourth, deer skin

Features: High -end leather, thin and tender, soft, and natural texture but not very regular; it feels particularly comfortable after putting on, the leather is very soft, breathable, and high -end appearance.

Special explanation: Due to the special fiber structure characteristics of the deerkin, a little touch of the hard object will cause severe damage, so the degree of loss of deer skin consumption is relatively large, and you should pay special attention when wearing.

Special leather

1. Crocodile skin

Features: Crocodile leather is a rare leather, highlighting the atmosphere; after putting it on, it looks high -end and beautiful. At the same time, it shows the master’s atmosphere and reflects the owner’s prominent identity and extraordinary temperament.

Special explanation: Crocodile skin is generally made of crocodile body, head or tail skin, reflecting covering thick scales; the leather is crispy and should not be squeezed with hands, otherwise cracks are prone to occur.

Second, ostrich leather (divided into grains and granulation, its stretching force is four times that of cowhide)

Features: light, soft, and scalability; comfortable, elastic, different, and highlighting personality.

Three, seal skin

Features: It belongs to precious leather materials, rough leather lines, comfortable and high -end, reflecting high taste and unique temperament.

Fourth, lizard skin

Features: high -end leather, delicate and regular lines, good gloss; soft, comfortable, high -end appearance, beautiful, and generous.

Fifth, shark skin

Features: slightly pattern logo, soft cortex; comfortable wearing, high -end appearance, and not rigidity.

Six, Elephant Skin

Features: belong to rare leather, rough and atmospheric leather, unique and substantial feelings, naturally irregular, look high -end and beautiful after putting on, at the same time show the master’s atmosphere, reflect the owner’s identity and extraordinary temperament.

Seven, peacock skin

Features: fine lines, beautiful, pleasing to the eye, good breathability, unique gentleman’s style after putting on, gas without losing taste.

Internal material characteristics

1. Niu Nineri

Features: thick, wear -resistant, smooth; wearing feel comfortable, breathable, and wear -resistant, it looks grade.

Special explanation: Generally speaking, cow pads inside the leather are mostly used for high -end casual shoes and imported shoes.

Second, sheepskin inside

Features: delicate and soft leather; after putting it on, it will make the feet feel very comfortable, breathable, and show grade.

Special explanation: Generally speaking, sheepskin is equipped with sheep pads, which makes the shoes more grade.

Third, pig skin inside (pork skin, punching pigs)

Features: soft, pores, breathability, and good sweat absorption; wearing morning can feel comfortable and keep the foot refreshing.

Special explanation: In the pigskin, wetness or sweat feet will have a small decolorm, especially the dark pork skin. Generally speaking, pork skins are equipped with pork pads, cow pads, and PU pads. Pig cow pads are mostly used for suit shoes, and PU pads in pigs are mostly used for casual shoes, such as big slippers.

Bottom material characteristics

1, the bottom of the leather

Features: delicate, smooth texture, good breathability, good elasticity and bending, and smelling fragrance; when you put on your feet when you touch the ground, you will feel very comfortable. High -end and taste of shoes.

Special explanation: Because of the attributes of the leather material itself, it has the characteristics of immersion and abrasion resistance, so it is not advisable to wear it in a wetland, and after buying, you should first wear the soles (rubber sheet) to the soles of the shoe.

In addition, the leather can be divided into ordinary leather, the leather, and the frosted leather. The production process of shooting the leather is relatively complicated. It does not need to be pasted rubber film before wearing, so the price is more expensive than the full leather base, and its advantages are wear -resistant and non -slip. And look more grade.

Second, imitation leather back

Features: Made of rubber materials, with the characteristics of smooth leather, light, soft, elastic, strong breathability, strong adaptability (avoiding the characteristics of the leather resistance and not strong adaptability); comfortable and atmospheric, atmospheric, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, and atmospheric, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, and atmospheric atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere, atmosphere. It can reflect the high -end and taste of the shoes, but also wear and practical.

Three, half -skin bottom

Features: There is both the advantages of the leather foundation, as well as the non -slip durable grinding characteristics of the rubber base.

Fourth, the bottom of the rubber film

Features: lightweight, soft, and wear resistance; good comfort after putting on, and it looks very graded.

Special explanation: The bottom of the rubber film can be divided into the bottom of the rubber connection, the bottom of the rubber shelter, and the bottom of the rubber slope. The bottom of the rubber connecting and the front and rear palms is mostly suitable for men’s western shoes and rubber slopes.

Five, rubber molding bottom

Features: abrasion resistance, non -slip, elasticity and curvature; in addition, because the heels of the molding bottom are integrated with the upper, the overall effect of the shoes is good; good comfort, good elasticity, strong adaptability, non -slip non -slip , Wear resistance and practical.

Special explanation: The rubber molding bottom is mostly suitable for casual shoes and semi -casual shoes.

6. PU molding bottom

Features: lightweight, soft, and wear resistance (four times the wear resistance is four times the bottom of the plastic), and the overallness of the shoes is good; wearing lightweight, comfortable, and looks beautiful.

7. TPR molding bottom

Features: rich elasticity, good wear resistance, easy to match effect, and the overallness of the shoes is good; the appearance of the shoes is beautiful, and it is very comfortable and practical.

Special explanation: TPR molding bottom is mostly suitable for casual shoes.

8. TR molding bottom

Features: full of elasticity, abrasion resistance, good cold resistance, gloss, good overall effect; high -end appearance, atmospheric, comfortable and practical.

Special explanation: TR molding bottom is mostly suitable for casual shoes.

Common sense of leather shoes

1. Common sense of leather shoes

1. The length of the shoe number represents the length of the shoe, the fertilizer of the shoe type represents the shoes, and you need to pay attention to the shoe number and shoe type when selling; Avoid pressure grinding feet, uncomfortable wearing; 3. In the morning, buying shoes, the size of the shoes should be loose; when buying shoes at night, the size of the shoes should be slightly tight; The foot kiss is not big and small; the toes can move freely in the shoes; the waist sockets of the shoes are firmly fitted with the bow; the rear heels of the shoes are stable; The bottom, rubber bottom, and avoid water, oil, and acid and alkali. You need to be careful when you wear it. It is recommended to stick a layer of rubber base to extend your life; 6. The standard unit of international leather shoes is different. (See the table below for details).

Second, correct wearing habits

1. Avoid the following inappropriate situations wearing leather shoes;

① Rain and snowy days, exercise, mountain climbing, motorcycle or bicycle; ② slippery ground, rugged ground, snow, sandy ground; ③ stepping water, gravel and hard objects.

2. When you are not easy to wear when you encounter new shoes, do not force it. You should choose a fitted shoe or use shoe pulling and stockings;

3. Try to avoid wearing the same pair of shoes for many consecutive days. Special shoes and sneakers should be used for special shoes in order to extend the life of the wear;

4. Do not step on the heels when taking off your shoes to avoid the phenomenon of piles;

5. After buying leather shoes, first add glue to the soles of the shoe, which can not only protect the leather shoes, but also play a non -slip role;

6. Wet water inside the pig skin or friction for a long time will have a little decolorm, so you should choose the socks of coloring;

7. Leather shoes should not be treated with moisture, rain, brush, exposure and fire grilling, so as not to cause leather shoes to deform and cracked leather surface.

Third, daily nursing common sense

1. For the first time in leather shoes, you should do it before wearing the shoes;

2. Wipe the leather shoes with the same color of the same color (2-3 weeks) to avoid using liquid shoe oil;

3. Avoid applying the shoe paste directly to the leather noodles, you should apply it on the shoe cloth or shoes first, and then wipe it evenly on the leather shoes;

4. Keep leather shoes dry frequently;

5. Preventing the temperature of the leather shoes is too high/low, and the humidity is too large, otherwise it is more prone to nitrate (that is, white alkali -like objects on the surface of the leather surface, and the endothelial of the nitric area is obviously different from the cortex in other areas next to the area. );

6. Do not wash and contact chemical solvents when cleaning leather shoes.

7. Brush the entire shoes with a soft hair shoe/shoe cloth to see if there is dirt on the convex surface of the shoe;

8. The thin seams of the heel and the body of the shoe body are brushed off the fine dust with a pointed (if there are shoelaces, loosen the shoelaces, and then brushed with a pointed to clean, the dirt is not easy to see from the outside);

9. Squeeze a little clean oil on the cloth and apply the whole shoes;

10. Take another piece of cloth (not mixed with the cloth that uses clean oil) with a little shoe paste, and apply the full shoes evenly;

11. Use clean soft cloth to grind all the shoes;

12. Put in the shoes (if there is no shoe support, you can put it in the newspaper instead).

Fourth, the care method of leather shoes after wet

1. Use a dry cloth with good water absorption to suck the water on the surface of the leather shoes;

2. Instead of the shoe in the newspaper and replace it frequently to completely absorb the water;

3. After drying to a certain degree, put the shoes or paper balls to prevent the deformation of leather shoes;

4. Put it in a cool place to let the leather shoes dry naturally. Do not put the wet leather shoes in the sun and expose it to the sun.

5. After completely dry, follow the daily maintenance method.

Five, leather care

1. Cowhide and sheepskin: Use high -quality shoe cream and shoe cloth to remove dirt, and use shoe cloth to wipe back and forth on the upper to make the upper shiny;

2. Skin skin, frosted leather: gently wipe the stains with soft hair, and wipe it in the same direction; or use raw glue to remove the stains for cleaning supplies;

3, patent leather, oil skin: wipe it with a semi -wet cloth.

6. Leather care products

1. Light rubbing: colorless, generally used for waxing, helping clean and protecting leather shoes, but it cannot be used for skin shoes made of scrub skin and leather;

2. Transparent shoe oil: It can be used for any leather shoes (except leather shoes made of skin and scrub), just apply a thin layer of transparent shoe oil with cloth on the upper. Black;

3. Polymoring shoe oil (color shoe oil): used for the same color leather shoes to make color replenishment, but it cannot be used for frosted leather and ravioli;

4. Discover paste: It can be used to clean any color leather shoes, or it can also be used for cleaning the leather foundation, but it cannot be used for scrub skin and crickets. Apply a little on the cloth when used, and then clean the leather shoes. reuse;

5. Skin brush: Before cleaning the leather shoes, first use the leather brush to wipe the leather shoes in the same direction, but it is only applicable to scrub skin and crickets. );

6, 分 6 6: Divided into black, brown, colorless. You need to shake it a few times before using the water water, and then spray it at the leather shoes at a moderate distance, and then clean it.

7, insoles (full pads): Mostly used for men’s shoes, it can make leather shoes more suitable;

8. Semi -pad: Mostly used for women’s toe -shoe toe positions, but if you add pads on the heel, you can prevent the heel;

9. AA glue: It is used in the small dehydration of leather shoes, which is the same as strong glue. Be careful when used;

10. Huang Jiao: Used when adding cushions.

Seven, special care

1. Inner and insoles are decolored: Apply with white wax or wax to the inside to prevent discoloration, or pad a layer of pads in the inner inner and often replace it to prevent discoloration;

2. The zipper is not smooth: applied to the zipper with candles or shoes wax;

3. Nitrate: If there is a little nitric, you can remove the stains with a slight wet cloth, naturally air dry, use the color shoe cream to replenish the color or light the nitrate part with white oil;

4. Metal decoration deduction of oxidation:

① Silver shoe buckle: Gently wipe off the black spots with the thinnest aquatic frosted or matte rubber, and then gently wipe it with transparent shoe cream;

② Golden shoes buckle: gently wipe with transparent shoes;

③ Copper buckle or metal buckle: Apply a little transparent nail polish to prevent oxidation.

Special Note:

1. The upper material is a pure natural leather. The leather patterns in different parts are completely different. There is a slight difference in the pattern of leather shoes.

2. Inside the leather shoes is made of water -based leather. It is normal for light coloring.

3. When the wearing time is too long, the rolling bar (the edge of the shoe mouth) appears normal.

4. The “rubbing skin” upper is combined by a variety of colors. It is normal for color loss when wearing cleaning.

5. Due to the process needs of the seam crafts, the leather shoes made of the sole and the shoe gang are painted with floating glue. After a period of time, the pseudo -phenomenon is normal.


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